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Is phytoplankton a producer or consumer?

Primary producers — including bacteria, phytoplankton, and algae — form the lowest trophic level, the base of the aquatic food web. Primary producers synthesize their own energy without needing to eat.

Is phytoplankton a producer in the ocean?

Phytoplankton are mostly microscopic, single-celled photosynthetic organisms that live suspended in water. They are what is known as primary producers of the ocean—the organisms that form the base of the food chain.

Are animal plankton producers?

The ocean’s main producers are plankton. Plankton are simple creatures that float on ocean currents. They can be plants, animals, or bacteria. Plant plankton is called phytoplankton.

Is phytoplankton a Autotroph?

An autotroph is an organism that can produce its own food using light, water, carbon dioxide, or other chemicals. Phytoplankton, tiny organisms that live in the ocean, are autotrophs. Some types of bacteria are autotrophs. Most autotrophs use a process called photosynthesis to make their food.

Is shrimp producer consumer or decomposer?

In a food web nutrients are recycled in the end by decomposers. Animals like shrimp and crabs can break the materials down to detritus. Then bacteria reduce the detritus to nutrients. Decomposers work at every level, setting free nutrients that form an essential part of the total food web.

What is phytoplankton in the food chain?

Phytoplankton are the foundation of the aquatic food web, the primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic, animal-like zooplankton to multi-ton whales. Small fish and invertebrates also graze on the plant-like organisms, and then those smaller animals are eaten by bigger ones.

Does phytoplankton produce oxygen?

Discuss Earth’s oxygen resources. The ocean produces oxygen through the plants (phytoplankton, kelp, and algal plankton) that live in it. These plants produce oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis, a process which converts carbon dioxide and sunlight into sugars the organism can use for energy.

Where is phytoplankton in the food chain?

Plankton are at the base of the food chain, meaning they are critical in supporting marine and freshwater food webs. Phytoplankton are also primary produces, meaning they use photosynthesis to convert carbon dioxide to oxygen, and are responsible for up to half of the oxygen we breathe.

Who eats plankton?

Those plankton are eaten by small fish and crustaceans, which in turn are eaten by larger predators, and so on. Large animals can eat plankton directly, too—blue whales can eat up to 4.5 tons of krill, a large zooplankton, every day.

Is a fish a decomposer?

The food-chain includes the producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer and decomposers. Diatoms are a major group of algae, and are among the most common types of phytoplankton so are the producers, crustacean belongs to primary consumer, fish is secondary consumer, seal is tertiary and bacteria are decomposers.

Is phytoplankton a plant or animal?

There are two main types of plankton: phytoplankton, which are plants, and zooplankton, which are animals. Zooplankton and other small marine creatures eat phytoplankton and then become food for fish, crustaceans, and other larger species.

Is human Producer consumer or decomposer?

Humans are said to be at the top of the food chain because they eat plants and animals of all kinds but are not eaten consistently by any animals. The human food chain starts with plants. Plants eaten by humans are called fruits and vegetables, and when they eat these plants, humans are primary consumers.

Is phytoplankton a primary or secondary producer?

The phytoplankton are the primary producers of the pelagic zone of lakes and oceans . Accordingly, the phytoplankton is the base of the food chain. [Macrophytes and allochthonous organic material are also important, especially in small lakes.]

Is phytoplankton a decomposer a producer or a consumer?

A consumer Is an organism that get their food and energy by eating or digesting other organisms. Decomposers are the waste manager of the ecosystem. They break down dead organic matter. Producer: the producer is phytoplankton (farthest left). Phytoplankton is one of the major producers in the Arctic Ocean.

Is zoo plankton a producer?

In addition to linking primary producers to higher trophic levels in marine food webs, zooplankton also play an important role as “recyclers” of carbon and other nutrients that significantly impact marine biogeochemical cycles, including the biological pump. This is particularly important in oligotrophic waters of the open ocean.

Is a phytoplankton a secondary consumer?

Fish, jellyfish and crustaceans are common secondary consumers, although basking sharks and some whales also feed on the zooplankton. Phytoplankton are extremely numerous, and supply ecosystems with a huge amount of biomass and thus provide lots of energy within the trophic pyramid.