# Short-Questions

Fast solutions for complex problems

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## What are some kinds of evidence that geologists use to study the structure of the earth?

Geologists have used two main types of evidence to learn about Earth’s interior: direct evidence from rock samples and indirect evidence from seismic waves. Geologists drill holes as deep as 12.3 kilometers into Earth and bring up samples of rock.

What is one type of indirect evidence that allows scientists to study the layers of Earth?

Measuring Seismic Waves It is impossible to drill to the center of the earth, so scientists rely on indirect observations of matter lying below the surface through use of seismic waves and their knowledge of how these waves travel during and after an earthquake.

What was the indirect evidence used to infer Earth’s layers?

Explanation: The molten portion of Earth’s core behave differently from solid when they encounter seismic waves,. THis make it to identify solid and molten potions.

### How do geologists obtain indirect evidence?

To study Earth interior geologists often rely on indirect methods, such as evidence from fossils. False, seismic waves. The transfer of heat by the movement of heat fluid is called conduction. Alfred Wegener provided evidence from landforms, fossils, and climate in support of his theory of the shrinking Earth.

How do geologists collect data to Earth’s interior?

The reflections and refractions of seismic waves allow the layers and boundaries within the earth to be located and studied. By tracking seismic waves, scientists have learned what makes up the planet’s interior (figure 2).

What is the difference between crust and lithosphere?

What is the difference between the crust and lithosphere? The crust (whether continental or oceanic) is the thin layer of distinctive chemical composition overlying the ultramafic upper mantle. The lithosphere is the rigid outer layer of the Earth required by plate tectonic theory.

## What is the thinnest layer of the earth?

Inner core
*Inner core It is the thinnest layer of the Earth. *The crust is 5-35km thick beneath the land and 1-8km thick beneath the oceans.

Why does the shadow zone exist?

The shadow zone is the area of the earth from angular distances of 104 to 140 degrees from a given earthquake that does not receive any direct P waves. The shadow zone results from S waves being stopped entirely by the liquid core and P waves being bent (refracted) by the liquid core.

Where is the crust the thickest?

The crust is thickest under high mountains and thinnest beneath the ocean.

### What are the two types of crust?

Earth’s crust is divided into two types: oceanic crust and continental crust. The transition zone between these two types of crust is sometimes called the Conrad discontinuity. Silicates (mostly compounds made of silicon and oxygen) are the most abundant rocks and minerals in both oceanic and continental crust.

Which is one type of evidence that geologists usually study?

Geologists have used two main types of evidence to learn about Earth’s interior: direct evidence from rock samples and indirect evidence from seismic waves.

Which tells geologists that the core is liquid?

Scientists figured out that the outer core must be liquid because S waves do not pass through it, but P waves do. The behavior of P and S waves also indicates that the inner core is solid. The speed of seismic waves also depends on the density of the material through which they are traveling.

## What are the two types of evidence used by geologists?

There are two primary types of evidence that geologists use to obtain knowledge about the interior of Earth. One of them are indirect evidence pieces (from seismic waves) and direct evidence pieces (from rock samples). 2.3.

How do geologists obtain information about the interior of the Earth?

There are two primary types of evidence that geologists use to obtain knowledge about the interior of Earth. One of them are indirect evidence pieces (from seismic waves) and direct evidence pieces (from rock samples). Did this page answer your question?

How are rock samples used to study the Earth?

Rock samples are obtained by drilling deep holes into the ground. These samples are then used to obtain more information about the rock structures underneath the ground surface. Sometimes, the samples are also obtained through volcanic activity (which may cause the rocks from deep underground to be brought to the surface).

### How are rocks from deep underground brought to the surface?

Sometimes, the samples are also obtained through volcanic activity (which may cause the rocks from deep underground to be brought to the surface). However, such direct evidence-based investigation is limited to samples obtained from only a few kilometers underneath the Earth’s surface.