Fast solutions for complex problems

What do you notice about the shape of the CX4 molecules?

Halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and the CX4 molecules have shapes that are symmetrical. The electrons of these molecules are distributed evenly in such a way that there are no permanent partial electric charges anywhere on the molecules. These molecules are said to be non-polar.

What intermolecular force is present in astatine?

One of the three van der Waals forces is present in all condensed phases, regardless of the nature of the atoms or molecules composing the substance….Dispersion Forces.

Halogen astatine, At2
Molar Mass 420 g/mol
Atomic Radius 150 pm
Melting Point 575 K
Boiling Point 610 K

Which halogen has highest melting point?

From the lowest boiling and melting point to the highest, the group in order is fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine and astatine. As you move down the group the halogens become darker in colour. For example fluorine is a very pale yellow whereas iodine will be dark purple in colour when it is in a vapour state.

How does the polarity of a substance affect the forces of attraction between the molecules?

Polarity also affects the strength of intermolecular forces. Thus, if two molecules are similar in size and one is polar while the other is non-polar, the polar molecule will have higher melting and boiling points compared to non-polar molecule.

What elements can exist in all three states of matter?

Answer 1: Mercury and water are not the only substances capable of existing in three distinct states of matter. In fact, all of the elements, of which mercury is one, may exist in solid, liquid, or gas forms. Additionally, many substances exhibit more than one solid form, often with very different properties.

Is Carbon always tetrahedral?

4.1. 1: Carbon: Always Tetravalent and Often Tetrahedral – Chemistry LibreTexts.

What is the rarest element in the universe?

Astatine is the rarest element on Earth; only approximately 25 grams occur naturally on the planet at any given time. Its existence was predicted in the 1800s, but was finally discovered about 70 years later. Decades after its discovery, very little is known about astatine.

What is the most rare element?

element astatine
A team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth.

Which group has highest melting point?

Tungsten (W). From metals, tungsten has the highest melting point in periodic table. It is located in d block. 3,422 0C is the melting point of tungsten.

Which out of them is not a halogen?

Glycerine is not a halogen. Glycerine is also known as glycerol, it is a viscous liquid which is made of palm oil or soybean. Halogens are those elements which have 7 electrons in their outer shell. These elements are bromine, iodine, fluorine, astatine, and chlorine.

What has the strongest attraction between molecules?

The strongest intermolecular force is hydrogen bonding, which is a particular subset of dipole-dipole interactions that occur when a hydrogen is in close proximity (bound to) a highly electronegative element (namely oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine).

Why is polarity important to life?

Water’s polarity allows it to dissolve other polar substances very easily. Wherever water goes, it carries dissolved chemicals, minerals, and nutrients that are used to support living things. Because of their polarity, water molecules are strongly attracted to one another, which gives water a high surface tension.

Which is a diatomic element in the halogen group?

As the temperature is lowered or pressure is increased, the other elements become diatomic liquids. Astatine (atomic number 85, symbol At) and tennessine (atomic number 117, symbol Ts) are also in the halogen group and may form diatomic molecules.

Which is an example of a diatomic molecule?

Diatomic molecules consist of two atoms bonded together. In contrast, monatomic elements consist of single atoms (e.g., Ar, He). Many compounds are diatomic, such as HCl, NaCl, and KBr. Diatomic compounds consist of two different elements. There are seven pure elements that form diatomic molecules .

Why are elements of group VIIA called halogens?

Elements of other groups are much more likely to accept electrons as they react. The elements of Group VIIA (new Group 17 – fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine) are called the halogens (tan column).

How are the seven diatomic elements related to each other?

The seven diatomic elements are: All of these elements are nonmetals, since the halogens are a special type of nonmetallic element. Bromine is a liquid at room temperature, while the other elements all gases under ordinary conditions. As the temperature is lowered or pressure is increased, the other elements become diatomic liquids.