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What happened in Latin America in the 1960s?

The triumph of the Cuban Revolution, the spread of guerrilla movements, the emergence of new literary, artistic, and music trends, the forging of a youth counterculture, the development of student, women, indigenous and urban social movements, the rise of new intellectual and religious approaches to the burning social …

What happened to Latin America in the 1800s?

The early 1800s radically altered the history of Latin America. Spain had progressively colonized parts of South, Central and North America since the early 1500s, exploiting the region’s natural resources, decimating native populations and importing millions of black African slaves.

Which country is the poorest of Latin America?

As of October 2019, the countries that have the highest rates of poverty per population in South America are Suriname, Bolivia, Guyana, and Venezuela. All of these countries are trying to reduce poverty, with varying degrees of effort and success.

Who lost the Latin American revolution?

The wars of independence, 1808–26 The final victory of Latin American patriots over Spain and the fading loyalist factions began in 1808 with the political crisis in Spain. With the Spanish king and his son Ferdinand taken hostage by Napoleon, Creoles and peninsulars began to jockey for power across Spanish America.

How did industrialization change the Latin American economy?

When Europe and the United States experienced an increase of industrialization, they realized the value of the raw materials in Latin America, which caused Latin American countries to move towards export economies. This economic growth also catalyzed social and political developments that constituted a new order.

How did ww2 affect Latin America?

The war caused significant panic in Latin America over economics as a large portions of economy of the region depended on the European investment capital, which was shut down. Latin America tried to stay neutral but the warring countries were endangering their neutrality.

What was the outcome of the Latin American revolution?

The effects of the independence movement includes , the end of nearly all colonial rule, new countries were established, upper class remained in control of wealth and power, slavery ended, plantation system was kept in many places, a strong class system remained present.

What is the richest Latin American country?

List of Latin American and Caribbean countries by GDP (PPP)

Rank Nation GDP (PPP) per capita (Intl$)
1 Brazil 15,642
2 Mexico 20,266
3 Argentina 22,141
4 Colombia 15,184

Why did the Latin American revolution happen?

The immediate trigger of the conflict was Napoleon’s invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) in 1807 and 1808, but its roots also lay in the growing discontent of creole elites (people of Spanish ancestry who had been born in Latin America) with the restrictions imposed by Spanish imperial rule.

What was the result of the Latin American revolution?

Immediate effects of the revolutions included freedom and independence for the people of the liberated countries. However, in the long term, poor governance of the liberated countries led to instability and increasing poverty in those areas.

How did industrialization change the Latin American economy quizlet?

How did the movement toward industrialization in the 19th century affect Latin America? Latin America provided the food products, raw materials, and markets for industrializing countries. What role did Latin American countries play in the global economy in the 19th century?

When did Latin America gain its independence from Spain?

The independence of Latin America. After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest.

Why did Latin America change in the 18th century?

The rapidity and timing of that dramatic change were the result of a combination of long-building tensions in colonial rule and a series of external events. The reforms imposed by the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century provoked great instability in the relations between the rulers and their colonial subjects in the Americas.

How did the Bourbon reforms affect Latin America?

The reforms imposed by the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century provoked great instability in the relations between the rulers and their colonial subjects in the Americas. Many Creoles (those of Spanish parentage but who were born in America) felt Bourbon policy to be an unfair attack on their wealth, political power, and social status.

Why did the Spanish Crown loosen restrictions on trade?

Unable to preserve any sort of monopoly on trade, the Spanish crown was forced to loosen the restrictions on its colonies’ commerce. Spanish Americans now found themselves able to trade legally with other colonies, as well as with any neutral countries such as the United States.