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What is the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum?

Undescended testicles fail to drop into the scrotum before birth or in the first few months of life. The condition is also called cryptorchidism.

What is called incomplete descent of testis into scrotum?

Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. The word is from the Greek κρυπτός (kryptos), meaning “hidden”, and ὄρχις (orchis), meaning “testicle”. It is the most common birth defect of the male genital tract.

What 3 Problems can occur if the testes fail to descend?

In most cases, the testes descend by age 6 months without any treatment. In other cases, surgery or hormone therapy may be needed. If testes don’t descend, this can cause problems such as infertility, higher risk of testicular cancer, and other problems.

What is the meaning of Orchidopexy?

Orchiopexy (or orchidopexy) is a surgery to move an undescended (cryptorchid) testicle into the scrotum and permanently fix it there. Orchiopexy typically also describes the surgery used to resolve testicular torsion.

When should an undescended testicle be corrected?

Your surgeon will likely recommend doing the surgery when your son is about 6 months old and before he is 12 months old. Early surgical treatment appears to lower the risk of later complications. In some cases, the testicle might be poorly developed, abnormal or dead tissue.

Which testicle is more important?

The left testicle is bigger than the right one; therefore, the left vein is longer than the right. Because the left vein is longer, it is subject to more difficulties when draining. Poor drainage can lead to pathological conditions such as testicular swelling and pain.

Why do testes fail to descend?

The testes first form in the abdomen during fetal development. As the fetus grows, the testes begin to move down, or descend, until they are inside the scrotum. Sometimes, one testis or both testes fail to descend, which is called undescended testis or undescended testicle.

How long is surgery for undescended testicle?

During the surgery, your child will be given a numbing medication—either an injection in the low back called a caudal (COD-ull) or directly into the incision (in-SIZH-yun), or cut—to relieve discomfort after the surgery. This surgery takes about 45 minutes, but recovery from the anesthesia might take several hours.

What is the difference between orchiopexy and orchidopexy?

Orchiopexy (or orchidopexy) is a surgery to move and/or permanently fix a testicle into the scrotum. While orchiopexy typically describes the operation to surgically correct an undescended testicle, it is also used to resolve testicular torsion.

What happens if an undescended testicle is left untreated?

An undescended testicle that is left untreated can lead to future health problems. These include an increased risk of infertility and cancer.

Can undescended testicle correct itself?

If the testicle hasn’t moved into the scrotum by the time your son is 4 months old, the problem probably won’t correct itself. Treating an undescended testicle when your son is still a baby might lower the risk of complications later in life, such as infertility and testicular cancer.

How long does it take for balls to be full?

Your testicles are constantly producing new sperm in spermatogenesis. The full process takes about 64 days. During spermatogenesis, your testicles make several million sperm per day — about 1,500 per second.