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What is the mostly used fabric inspection method?

Four-Point System: Most used method in garment industry for fabric inspection which is performed following ASTM D5430-93 ( Standard Test Methods for Visually Inspecting and Grading Fabrics ). Defects are indentified at a clearly noticable distance of 3 feet and marked with points.

What is 4 point system of fabric inspection?

The 4-Point System assigns 1, 2, 3 and 4 penalty points according to the size, quality, and significance of the defect. No more than 4 penalty points is assigned for any single flaw. A defect can be measured either length or width direction; the system remains the same. Only major errors are considered.

Which machine is used to inspect the fabric quality?

A machine that is used for fabric inspection and fabric checking in the textile mills and in the garment production unit, is known as fabric inspection machine. The fabric inspection machines facilitate in fabric inspection process, by mechanical unrolling and rerolling of fabric.

How do you do a fabric inspection?

Fabric inspection is done in suitable and safe environment with enough ventilation and proper lighting. Fabric passing through the inspection frame must be between 45 – 60 degree angles to inspector and must be done on appropriate Cool White light above viewing area. Back light can be used as and when needed.

What is the best way to point fabric?

3 Key Points to Choosing the Right Fabric

  1. Consider the Fabric Weight. The weight of a fabric is measured in GSM (grams per square meter) and it defines how heavy or light a fabric is.
  2. Examine the Fabric Drape. The drape determines how the fabric flows.
  3. Test the Fabric Stretch. Stretch is how much your fabric stretches.

What is 10 point system in fabric inspection?

10 point system In this system, the fabric fault are identified with points on the basis of the scale of 10, i.e. the maximum defect point is 10. According to this system, If the total defect points per 100 yards of fabric are 100 or more the fabric will be rejected.

What are the fabric defects?

Read on or click the links below to jump to different sections to learn more about each of these fabric defects.

  • Horizontal lines.
  • Shade variation.
  • Dirt/stains.
  • Uneven dyeing.
  • Drop stitches.
  • Misprinting.
  • Crease marks.
  • Barre.

Why fabric inspection is so important?

Fabric inspection ensures to minimize the rejection of cut panels or rejected garments due to fabric faults. Cutting inspected and approved fabric ensures not only finished garment quality but also reduces rejects, improves efficiency and timely deliveries.

How do I choose fabric?

How can you tell the quality of fabric?

How to Check Fabric Quality

  1. Different Fabrics, Different Standards.
  2. Fiber Weave. High-quality fabrics feature fibers that are closely and tightly woven together.
  3. Color. A good quality fabric should have a dye job to match.
  4. Thread Count.
  5. Finish.
  6. Price.
  7. Finished Product.
  8. Source.

What is CSV in fabric?

CSV (Centre to Selvedge variation)– CSV stands for centre to selvedge variation. For solid fabrics Shade of the fabric varies between centre and selvedge. This variation is called Centre to selvedge variation(image 3).

How do you know if a fabric is defect?

  1. Horizontal lines. This fabric defect is defined by irregular lines that run from side to side.
  2. Shade variation.
  3. Dirt/stains.
  4. Uneven dyeing/printing/dye marks.
  5. Drop stitches.
  6. Misprinting, off printing or absence of printing.
  7. Crease marks.
  8. Barre.

What are the different types of fabric inspection systems?

There are various fabric inspection systems: 10-Point System. Graniteville “78” system. Dallas system. 4- Point system. It was developed in the 1950’s. This system assigns penalty points to each defect, depending on the length of the defect. Penalty points are assigned as per the following:

How is the 4 point system for fabric inspection used?

Because the system of examining of the quality of fabrics in this system, has been recognized by American Association of Quality Control (AAQC). 4 Point System for fabric inspection is widely used in garment industry for fabric quality inspection. It is a tool for satisfying internal as well as external customer.

How is fabric inspection done in the garment industry?

The process is done following a specific SOP to check the specific items. Four-Point System: Most used method in garment industry for fabric inspection which is performed following ASTM D5430-93 ( Standard Test Methods for Visually Inspecting and Grading Fabrics ).

What does second mean in fabric inspection system?

According to this system, if any defect was found on a finished garment, the garment would then be termed as a “second”. For fabrics, this system defines a second as “more than one defect per ten linear yards, calculated to the nearest ten yards”.