# Short-Questions

Fast solutions for complex problems

26

## What is the temperature of a match stick flame?

1. TEMPERATURES AT FIRES

Source Temperature (Celsius)
Match 600°-800°
Candle flame 600°-1400°
Stove element >550°
Fluorescent light 60°-80°

What happens to a match when it burns?

When a match burns, it undergoes a chemical change. Matches use sulfur, phosphate and a friction agent held together by a binding agent. With a match, heat ignites the phosphorous on the head of the match. The initial heat from burning phosphorous breaks down potassium chlorate in the match head, which releases oxygen.

### What happens if you light a matchbox on fire?

Red phosphorus in the side chemical and potassium chlorate in the head chemical bring about a chemical reaction due to friction and impact when a match is struck, then red phosphorus ignites and the head chemical catches fire, which lights a match (See Diagram 2).

Why does a matchstick produce a flame on burning?

Why does a matchstick produce a flame on burning? When the matchstick catches fire or is burnt, the heat released due to the burning of chemicals on the match head, partly decomposes the wood to form wood gas. The wood gas then catches fire and produces a flame.

#### How hot is the flame from a lighter?

Disposable butane lighters could potentially produce flames as hot as 4,074 degrees Fahrenheit, while their naphthalene counterparts could reach 4,591 degrees. However, factors like air movement and ambient temperature generally limit this.

Can we burn a material in absence of air?

It would not burn in the classical, combustion sense because as you noted, there is no oxygen present. Paper is a carbon-based material and so it requires oxygen to combust and form products like solid carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, etc.. However, combustion is not the only thing that could happen here.

## How do you burn a matchstick from a distance?

Potassium chlorate, sulphur, starch and glue are the chemicals used to make auto fire or match stick burner from some distance. The side of the box contains red phosphorus , binder and powdered glass. The oxygen and sulfur burn slowly, igniting the wood of the match for a flame.

How does a matchstick catch fire?

A matchstick starts burning on rubbing it on the side of the matchbox because the heat produced by friction heats the chemical at the head of the matchstick to their ignition temperature and makes it catch fire.

### Why don t matches catch on fire while in the box?

Safety matches, as their name implies, prevent matches from igniting accidentally. In addition to sulfur, a safety match head includes glass powder and an oxidizing agent, such as potassium chlorate. The glass powder helps to create the friction needed to ignite the flammable compounds during the striking process.

How do you burn a matchstick without a matchbox?

Alternatively, try lighting the match without folding the book.

1. Hold the match in your dominant hand right with your thumb and middle finger.
2. Press down with your index finger and drag the match across the striker strip in a single quick motion — roughly like how you’d light a wooden match.

#### What actually burns to produce a flame?

When you light a candle a combustion reaction takes place with the wax of the candle which is the fuel and the air which contains oxygen. The flames are the are in which this combustion reaction is taking place. The release of heat and light energy from this exothermic reaction happens through the flame.

Does a matchstick burn by itself how does it burn?

A match stick does not catch fire on its own at room temperature because the ignition temperature of the match stick is much higher than the room temperature. It is because the heat produced by the friction heats the chemical at the head of the matchstick to its ignition temperature and makes it burn.

## What is the temperature of a burning match?

The temperature of a burning match is 600 to 800 degrees Celsius. The temperature of a burning candle is 600 to 1,400 degrees Celsius, and that of a Bunsen burner is 1,570 degrees Celsius. Fluorescent light has a temperature of 60 to 80 degrees Celsius, while lightning has a temperature of 30,000 degrees Celsius.

What’s the temperature of a bright red flame?

A dull red flame has a temperature of 500 to 600 degrees Celsius, whereas a bright red flame has a temperature of 800 to 1,000 degrees Celsius.

### Where does the maximum adiabatic flame temperature occur?

The maximum adiabatic flame temperature for a given fuel and oxidizer combination occurs with a stoichiometric mixture (correct proportions such that all fuel and all oxidizer are consumed). The amount of excess air can be tailored as part of the design to control the adiabatic flame temperature.

What’s the flame temperature of a bunsen burner?

Celsius and Fahrenheit values are cited, as available. Fuel. Flame Temperature. acetylene. 3,100 °C (oxygen), 2,400 °C (air) blowtorch. 1,300 °C (2,400 °F, air) Bunsen burner.