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Who were the candidates of the election of 1860?

Presidential Election of 1860: A Resource Guide

Political Party Presidential Nominee Popular Vote
Republican Abraham Lincoln 1,865,908
Democratic (Southern) John Breckenridge 848,019
Constitutional Union John Bell 590,901
Democratic Stephen Douglas 1,380,202

What was unusual about the election of 1860?

The Election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States just before the Civil War. The election was unusual because four strong candidates competed for the presidency. The Republican Party was relatively new; 1860 was only the second time the party had a candidate in the presidential race.

Who did they nominate for president in 1860?

A group of former Whigs and Know Nothings formed the Constitutional Union Party, which sought to avoid disunion by resolving divisions over slavery with some new compromise. The 1860 Republican National Convention in Chicago nominated Lincoln, a moderate former one-term Whig Representative from Illinois.

Why did many Southerners oppose Lincoln’s election to the presidency in 1860?

Why were southerners opposed to the election of Abraham Lincoln? Southerners believed that Lincoln was an abolitionist and would not protect their interests.

What 3 reasons did the Confederacy fight?

The Civil War in the United States began in 1861, after decades of simmering tensions between northern and southern states over slavery, states’ rights and westward expansion.

Which political party won a majority of seats in the election of 1860?

1860 United States elections

Presidential election
Partisan control Republican gain
Popular vote margin Republican +10.3%
Electoral vote
Abraham Lincoln (R) 180

What was the significance of the election of 1860 quizlet?

Terms in this set (5) The election of the president of the United States 1860. Lincoln won the election, and had more electoral votes and more popular votes than any candidate. Since the race had four main candidates, it allowed Lincoln to get more electoral votes than he would otherwise.

How did Abraham Lincoln’s election caused the Civil War?

A former Whig, Lincoln ran on a political platform opposed to the expansion of slavery in the territories. His election served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the Civil War. In 1865, Lincoln was instrumental in the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which made slavery unconstitutional.

What political party was John Bell?

Democratic Party
John Bell/Parties

Why did Abraham Lincoln election lead to civil war?

What was the 1st Southern state to secede?

state of South Carolina
On December 20, 1860, the state of South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union as shown on the accompanying map entitled “Map of the United States of America showing the Boundaries of the Union and Confederate Geographical Divisions and Departments as of Dec, 31, 1860” published in the 1891 Atlas to …

Why did the South fear Lincoln election?

Why did the South fear the election of Abraham Lincoln? They knew Lincoln was an adamant supporter of popular sovereignty. Lincoln had run on a platform of abolishing slavery throughout the nation. They feared he would seek to end slavery.

Who was the favourite candidate for president in 1860?

Entering the convention, Sen. William H. Seward of New York was considered the favourite for the nomination, and on the first ballot he led Abraham Lincoln, who had been defeated in Illinois in 1858 for the U.S. Senate by Douglas, as well as a host of other candidates.

How many electoral votes did Lincoln win in 1860?

On election day Lincoln captured slightly less than 40 percent of the vote, but he won a majority in the electoral college, with 180 electoral votes, by sweeping the North (with the exception of New Jersey, which he split with Douglas) and also winning the Pacific Coast states of California and Oregon.

What was the population of the United States in 1860?

In 1860 the population of the United States was around 31.5 million. Approximately half of that number met the age requirement to vote but women and, in most states, minorities were excluded. Around 6.9 million, or just fewer than 45% of the age eligible population, had the option to represent the nation at the polls.

Who was in the four way race for the presidency?

Breckinridge found himself in a four-way race for the presidency. Abraham Lincoln of Illinois beat out Senator William Seward of New York to secure the Republican nomination. The remnants of the Whig Party coalesced into the Constitutional Union party, devoted to the preservation of the Union.